Aurangabad is named after Emperor Aurangzeb, the last of the great Moghul Emperor's. It offers an exciting mix of Buddhist and Muslim places of interest - including the 10 6th and 7th Century Aurangzeb caves belonging to the Buddhist era, Bibi ka Maqbara (the mausoleum known as the Poor Man's Taj, built in 1679 for Aurangzeb's wife), the Panchhaki (a water wheel designed well ahead of its time). Aurangabad is also a convenient point for visiting the Ajanta and Ellora caves and the hill fortress of Daulatabad.
Ajanta : The Ajanta caves are renowned chiefly for their magnificent wall paintings and frescoes depicting scenes from the life of Buddha. The caves consist mainly of Buddhist Temples and Monasteries cut into the rock, dating from 200 BC to 650 AD.
Ellora : These caves, carved out over 5 centuries are a great and unique achievement in cave architecture and sculpture and demonstrate a peaceful co-existence of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. The most impressive is the monolithic Kailasa Temple which was carved out of the rock over a period of 150 years.
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